Surya Namaskar: The 5 W’s of Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation)

surya namaskar

Surya Namaskar
Sun Salutation which is actually called Surya Namaskar is an ancient technique involving 12 yoga poses offering salutations as a mark of gratitude to the Sun God. The practice can be traced back to the Vedic period when many of ancient sages practiced it for both physical and mental fitness.  Even modern-day researches prove that regularly practicing Surya Namaskar can provide immense benefits to the overall functioning of body and mind. Hence, why not try to understand the basics of Surya Namaskar before implementing this into our daily routine. This article will let you through the 5 Ws of Sun Salutations before you think of How to actually do it.

If you have decided to implement Surya Namaskar in your daily routine, you have certainly taken the best decision in your life. But before you start, it’s advisable to go through the 5 W’s – When, Where, What, Why and Who’s of performing Surya Namaskar.

When to do Surya Namaskar:

Early Mornings are the best time to perform Surya Namaskar. It’s advisable to perform it exactly at the time when the sun is rising. You can take the help of the weather app, that specifies the time of sunrise for your location. Don’t worry about being so particular about the exact timings. Few minutes here and there can be avoidable. Usually, it’s between 5; 45 AM to 6;50 (Differs from place to place) However, be consistent with your practice.

Where to do Surya Namaskar:

Usually, it’s performed as a practice of expressing gratitude looking at the sun. So, it’s always better to find an open place where you can easily look at Sun. Probably it could be an open place like a veranda, balcony, or even a room that has a fair amount of ventilation. Also, make sure that the place is free from obstacles, and it is clean and tidy so that you can easily focus and concentrate on the practice.

What to do:

It’s basically a ritual involving 12 yoga poses (asanas)with certain mantras to be recited with each pose. The procedure generally involves chanting of a mantra with each posture. It usually begins with a prayer to the universal God Surya – the universal source of energy. It is then followed with different asanas, which is basically the form of stretching your body. Here’s a tip – It’s always advisable to start with few poses and as you gain perfection, you can keep learning the other poses gradually. Since it’s difficult to learn all at once.

The following mantras are chanted with the varied asanas:

  1. Surya Namaskar Asana – Om Mitraaya Namaha
  2. Oorthuva Namaskara Asaana – Om Ravaye Namaha
  3. Paadha Hastha Asana -Om Sooryayaa Namaha
  4. Ekpadha Prachara Asaana – Om Baanave Namaaha
  5. Dwipadha Asaana – Om Khagayaa Namaha
  6. Bootharasan – Om Pusane Namaha
  7. Shastanga Asana – Om Hiryana Garbhaya Namaha
  8. Bhujanga Asana – Om Marichaya Namaha
  9. Yuthrasana – Om Adityaaya Namaha
  10. Bootharasana – Om Savithre Namaaha
  11. Ekpadha Pracharasana – Om Arkaya Namaha
  12. Padahasta Asana – Om Bhaskarya Namaha

Who can Perform:

Surya Namaskar is generally beneficial to everyone. It can be performed by anyone from young children to elderly adults.  However certain precautionary measures are required in performing these asanas. Women during their menstrual cycles and pregnancy should avoid doing it by all means. It’s always advisable to consult a physician where a person is suffering from back related problems.

Why is it important:

This ancient practice has been beneficial for many reasons. Research shows that practicing these asanas regularly have a profound effect not only on the physical body but also it keeps a person mentally fit.

  1. It helps to flush out toxins from the body
  2. It helps in strengthening of muscles, reducing body fat.
  3. The regular practice stimulates the entire body and enhances the blood circulation in the body.
  4. Since Sun is considered to be the good source of Vitamin D, It is considered to be beneficial for skin.
  5. Apart from enormous physical benefits, it also helps in coping up with problems related to mind such as depression, anxiety, insomnia etc.

This ancient practice is therefore considered to be beneficial for the overall development of body and mind. Since you have learned the 5Ws of Surya Namaskar. We’ll be soon posting on How-tos of Surya Namaskar next week.

Keep following up. The next Spiritual Sunday will be updated with the continuation to this post. If you find this post informative please share. Happy Sunday!

Recommended Readings:

Mudras you need to master for a healthy life

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