Chanakya was the greatest political strategist, economist, teacher, and philosopher of the eternity. It is believed that he authored Arthashastra, an Indian classical treatise on political ideals. He was born in 371 BC in Taxila, India. Though born in a poor Brahmin family, he could pursue his education at Taxila for his wit, intellect and a burning desire to get educated. Chanakya was also denoted with other names like ‘Kautilya’ and his actual name being Vishnugupta. This highly acclaimed political strategist played a significant role in the inception of Maryan empire. He was a philosopher and a chief advisor of the Gupta Empire, who assisted emperor Chandra Gupta and his son Bindusara in politics, economic affairs, administration, and in almost every state affairs.
A learned scholar known for his intellect is also sharp with Knowledge of Vedas. His philosophies relating to economic, political and administration helped the Mauryan empire flourish. His teachings and philosophies are even considered beneficial to modern day situations and circumstances. Here are some of his teachings and philosophies that will surely help lead a happy and successful life.
Chanakya on Learning:
Chanakya emphasizes continuous learning. He believes that every day brings with it a learning opportunity and one must utilize it. He quotes: “Do not allow a single day of your life to pass away without learning something good and useful”. Further, he stresses on the need for learning from the mistakes of others. As he puts: “Learn from the mistakes of others.. you can’t live long enough to make them all yourselves.”
Chanakya on Education:
Acharya Chanakya advocates the philosophy that if one wants to excel in studies, he must get rid of eight shoddy habits – seeking for sensual pleasure, binging excessively on food, feelings of annoyance and avarice, self-indulgence, lingering on entertainment, uncurbed sleep and unchecked indulges in anything. Moreover, he adds that one must get rid of the comfort zone. A person craving for comfort cannot be successful in pursuing his dream for studies.
Chanakya on Friendship:
He also spoke on friendship. Chanakya suggests that a person having a sacrificial nature is worth having them in your life. He says Never miss a chance to be friends with them. A person who doesn’t have the sacrificial nature is one filled with ego and is indifferent and callous. So, he suggests not to make friends with those who aren’t willing to sacrifice and doesn’t have the quality of compassion towards others. Further, he quotes – ” Never make friends with people who are above or below you in status.” He suggests few qualities in a person that are the gem of a person worth making friendship with – Any person who speaks the truth, who is never hubristic of his looks, appearances, and knowledge, the one who cares, respects and have consideration for others.
On Hard work and Dedication:
Hard Work and Dedication are no doubt the essential ingredients of success and hence Chanakya suggests to ask yourself few questions before taking up any task – “Why should I take up this task?, What are the Consequences?, and Will I succeed in doing it? Only when you are pleased with the solutions to these questions, take up the work.” Further, he directs that one must not abandon work for the fear of failure. People who are sincere with their work are the most contended ones.
Chanakya on Spirituality:
A Person filled with greed wandering here and there can never embark on the journey of spirituality and hence he can never taste the nectar of spirituality. He suggests that to experience God and spirituality, one must focus on feelings and thoughts. That’s where God dwells, not in temples and idols. He quotes – “One who desires to rise to a divine platform, must have the purity of thought, mind, senses and a heart of compassion.”
Some Quotes by Chanakya:
Go through some of the quotes by Chanakya that can guide you in different circumstances –
The fragrance of flowers spreads only in the direction of the wind. But the goodness of a person spreads in all directions.
The biggest guru-mantra is: never share your secrets with anybody. It will destroy you.
Even if a snake is not poisonous, it should pretend to be venomous.
As soon as the fear approahces you, attack and destroy it.
A man is great by deeds, not by birth.
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